This course examines the populist spectacle from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, critically engaging with the most prevalent understandings of the term and encouraging students to think of its representations in a new light. Advanced Bachelor’s level or Master’s level students of social sciences are warmly invited to take this course.
This course offers a hands-on experience for students who are in equal degrees fascinated and confused by the persistence of populism in Europe and beyond. It is near impossible nowadays to read the news without coming across some sort of reference to populism, mostly in the form that it is an epidemic threatening our democratic societies. With the emergence of Trump phenomenon, shock of Brexit and rising tide of radical parties in Europe, it is an overused but largely undefined term. So join us in our expedition for its roots and representations in the form of lectures, workshops, excursions, movie show and discussion with real-life populist politicians.
On completing this course, students should have a good understanding of different approaches to populism and its relationship with the democratic governance in contemporary Europe. They would have a clear idea of what populism is and, more importantly, is not in today’s politics. They would have the capacity to grasp and analyse any text or speech that employs the term and to produce their own opinions on populism and populists both at a theoretical and an empirical level.
Students are asked to make approximately 20 pages of reading for each course day, which usually comprises of lectures followed by group work and/or visiting experts. In addition to lectures, various learning methods are employed throughout the course:
Pre-course assignment: Students are asked to bring up a populist ‘name’ written on a piece of paper, to be revealed on the first day during an ice-breaker discussion and group formation process.
Group assignment 1: Groups of 3-5 students present a deconstructive reading of video-recorded speeches of well-known populist politicians such as Donald Trump, Marine Le Pen, Silvio Berlusconi, etc., offering their takes on the ‘populist message’. The aim is to generate a common table after all group presentations, with distinctive features of what makes one ‘populist’.
Group assignment 2: Groups of 3-5 students prepare a campaign poster design for a Populist Party and an accompanying public speech, presenting it with a special emphasis on ‘populist communication strategies’.
Field Trip: Passage from Kaisaniemi to Hakaniemi Square through so-called Pitkäsilta, as the critical avenue through which Finnish “people”, along with their collective memories and myth, are constructed in the aftermath of the Civil War. Programme: Lunch at Hakaniemi Market Hall followed by guided tour of Kaisaniemi, Hakaniemi and Kallio ending up at Juttutupa (Excursion guide Janne Hernesniemi, Education Officer at JHL Institute, The Trade Union for the Public and Welfare Services).
Grading scale is 1-to-5, which is assessed on the following basis:
Class Participation (%20)
Group Assignments (%40)
Learning Diary (%40)
Location: City Centre Campus
7/8 MONDAY Arrival in Helsinki
8/8 TUESDAY HSS Opening ceremony & Welcome Party (afternoon)
10:00-12:00 Introductory session: Why does populism matter? (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Pre-Course Assignment & Setting up Workshop Groups
15:00-18:00 Welcome Meeting @Thirsty Scholar*
10:00-12:00 What makes politics populist? (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Guest Lecture: Finns Party Populism (Tuukka Ylä-Anttila)
15.30-17:00 Workshop on Populism & Racism
17:00-19:00 Hakaniemi-Kallio Guided Trip (with Janne Hernesniemi)
10:00-12:00 New Populism in Europe (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Guest Lecture: Putin’s Populism in Russia (Jussi Lassila)
15:30-17:00 Workshop on Illiberal Democrats: Orbán, Putin and Erdogan
10:00-12:00 Populism as Democratic Ideology (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Discussion with Politicians (Simon Elo & Ozan Yanar)
15:00-17:00 KEYNOTE: Post-Foundationalism (Oliver Marchart)*
10:00-12:00 Populism as Politics Per Se (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Group Assignment 1: Dissecting Populist Message
16:00-18:00 Guest Lecture: Populism & Gender in Poland (Jenny Gunnarsson Payne)
10:00-12:00 Populism & Media (Halil G.)
13:00-15:00 Group Assignment 2: Inventing Populist Message
15:30-17:00 Guest Lecture: Fringe & Mainstream Populism (Emilia Palonen)
10:00-12:00 Guest Lecture on Populism (Oliver Marchart)
13:00-15:00 Workshop on Populism & Democracy
15:30-17:00 Student Reflections
10:00-12:00 Movie: The Network (1976, dir. Sydney Lumet)
13:00-14:00 Feedback Form
14:00- Excursion & Picnic on Lonna Island*